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Microsoft agrees to pay $20 million civil penalty for alleged violations of children’s privacy laws

By: Steve Schuster, [email protected]//June 12, 2023//

Microsoft agrees to pay $20 million civil penalty for alleged violations of children’s privacy laws

By: Steve Schuster, [email protected]//June 12, 2023//

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By Steve Schuster

[email protected]

The Justice Department in collaboration with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), announced Monday the United States has resolved a case against Microsoft Corp. regarding its practices for collecting and retaining personal information from children who use Microsoft’s Xbox Live service.

The stipulated order issued by the court Monday requires Microsoft to pay $20 million in civil penalties and imposes injunctive relief to settle allegations that Microsoft violated the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) and the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Rule (COPPA Rule) in connection with the Xbox Live service, which consumers use to connect online and with others through the Xbox brand of gaming consoles.

In a complaint filed in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, the United States alleges that Microsoft knew that certain users were children but nonetheless continued to collect personal information, such as telephone numbers, even before notifying parents of Microsoft’s information collection practices and before obtaining parental consent, Justice officials said.

In addition, the complaint alleges that, while Microsoft provided some notice to parents, that notice was incomplete and thus failed to comply with the COPPA Rule’s requirements. Finally, the complaint alleges that in certain instances when children started, but did not complete, creating Xbox Live accounts, Microsoft retained their personal information for longer than permitted by the COPPA Rule, officials added.

“It is essential that before collecting children’s personal information, online companies provide complete and timely disclosures about their information collection practices so that parents can make informed decisions,” said Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Brian Boynton, head of the Justice Department’s Civil Division.

“The department and the FTC are committed to ensuring that companies comply with the laws specifically designed to safeguard the privacy of children,” Boynton added.

U.S. Attorney Nick Brown for the Western District of Washington said Microsoft needs to be a better job communicating with parents.

“This settlement requires Microsoft to clearly communicate with parents about their child’s data and sets up procedures to monitor Microsoft’s compliance with federal statutes regarding children’s online privacy. This work will make children safer online,” said Brown.

Director Samuel Levine of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection said protecting privacy is a priority.

“Our proposed order makes it easier for parents to protect their children’s privacy on Xbox, and limits what information Microsoft can collect and retain about kids,” said Levine.

“This action should also make it abundantly clear that kids’ avatars, biometric data, and health information are not exempt from COPPA,” Levine added.

This matter is being handled by Trial Attorney Katherine M. Ho, Senior Trial Attorney James T. Nelson, and Assistant Director Lisa K. Hsiao of the Civil Division’s Consumer Protection Branch, and Assistant U.S. Attorney Rebecca S. Cohen for the Western District of Washington. Megan Cox and Peder Magee represent the FTC.


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