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Criminal Procedure — retroactivity

United States Court of Appeals For the Seventh Circuit


Criminal Procedure — retroactivity

The rule that facts requiring mandatory minimums must be found by a jury is not retroactive.

“Alleyne is an extension of Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000). The Justices have decided that other rules based on Apprendi do not apply retroactively on collateral review. See Schriro v. Summerlin, 542 U.S. 348 (2004). This implies that the Court will not declare Alleyne to be retroactive. See also Curtis v. United States, 294 F.3d 841 (7th Cir. 2002) (Apprendi itself is not retroactive). But the decision is the Supreme Court’s, not ours, to make. Unless the Justices themselves decide that Alleyne applies retroactively on collateral review, we cannot authorize a successive collateral attack based on §2255(h)(2) or the equivalent rule for state prisoners, 28 U.S.C. §2244(b)(2)(A).”

Application Dismissed.

13-2373 Simpson v. U.S.

Application for an Order Authorizing a District Court to Entertain a Successive Petition for Collateral Relief, Easterbrook, J.

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